Hans Peter Luhn; Published in IBM Journal of Research and Business Intelligence Systems: State-of-the-art Review and Contemporary Applications. Business Intelligence has empowered organizations to derive data-driven IBM computer scientist Hans Peter Luhn, that the potential of BI was recognized. The article, titled “A Business Intelligence System”, described “an. Luhn, H.P. () A Business Intelligence System. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 2,
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||10 June 2014|
|PDF File Size:||4.73 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.53 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Information retrieval is necessarily a major function of the Business Intelligence System. A plurality of systems may be organized in hierarchical fashion, in which a first system would serve a number of more specialized systems.
The information to be discovered may vary widely and may consist of anything ranging from factual data to an extensive bibliography on a broad subject. Such documents are then introduced at the input of the system and are identified by action-point designation. How did we go from Periodic analysis of the profiles may also furnish valuable pster on trends and possible overlapping of activities or interests.
The query pattern will be impressed on the profile as a matter of course, whether or not the inquiry has been satisfied, so that new documents relevant to the subject of the inquiry will be made known subsequently.
A Business Intelligence System – Beautiful Data [Book]
Information admitted to the system includes communications, addressed to action points individually, which contain information of potential interest to other action points. Also stored, with each of these profile patterns, is the date of entry.
It is surprising that his name and contributions to information handling are largely forgotten. It is safe to assume that special equipment will eventually be required to optimize the operation. This information is stored in coded form on a medium that may be subjected to serial scanning.
Beautiful Data by Toby Segaran, Jeff Hammerbacher
Together with proper communication facilities and input-output equipment a comprehensive system may be assembled to accommodate all information problems of an organization. Luhn apparently coined the term business intelligence in that paper. He was applying his concepts to text as well. The objective of the system is to supply suitable information to support specific activities carried out by individuals, groups, departments, sysgem, or even larger units.
Luhn’s emphasis on action points focuses the role of information processing on goal completion. His career in printing was halted by his service as a communications officer in the German Army during World War I.
A Business Intelligence System
An automatic system is being developed to disseminate information to the various sections of any industrial, scientific or government organization.
He also proposes “reporters” to periodically sift the data and selectively move information to action points as needed. Upon receipt of this message the monitor will relay an instruction to the microcopy storage device to produce photoprints of the auto-abstracts of these documents and to mark them with the action-point designation.
Objectives and principles Before the system operation is described, the term Business Intelligence System should be defined and the objectives and principles stated. Prospects for establishing bhsiness Business Intelligence System The system described here employs rather advanced design techniques and the question arises as to how far away such systems may be from realization.
These photocopies are then delivered to the action point.
But especially now that text analysis is becoming part of mainstream BI, the real credit for the term should go to an earlier pioneer: The system is not to impose conditions on its user which require special training to obtain its services.
No search term specified. The monitor is substantially a random-access storage device and has the functional capabilities of performing inventory operations. An information pattern is then derived from the query document in a manner similar to that used for normal documents. The communication facility serving the conduct of a business in ihtelligence broad sense may be referred to as an intelligence system. The transcription of old records would pose a problem, since in most cases it would be uneconomical to perform this job by hand.
The selection of specific words may also be accomplished businese index lookup. The comparisons are carried out on the basis of degree of similarity, expressed in terms of a fraction, for each of the profile patterns. The document is now available both as a microfilm copy and a magnetic tape record. Introduction Efficient communication is a key to progress in all fields of human endeavor. As even Howard says: Typewriters with paper-tape punching attachments are already used extensively in information processing and communication operations.
This device submits the document to a statistical analysis based on the physical properties of the text, and data hanz derived on word frequency and distribution.
Both incoming and internally generated documents are automatically abstracted, characterized by a untelligence pattern, and sent automatically to appropriate action points. The microfilm record is stored elsewhere to constitute a intellkgence master file which may serve prter regenerate records in cases of emergency.
Perhaps the techniques which ultimately find greatest use will bear little resemblance to those now visualized, but some form of automation will ultimately provide an effective answer to business intelligence problems.
The function of information retrieval, however, differs from that of dissemination in that the choice is not that of accepting or rejecting one document, but rather a selection sytem one or several from a special group of potentially relevant documents. Among other things, it includes: Ststem the process of transacting business it is often desired to determine who concerns himself with a given subject.
At the same time the monitor will also instruct the auto-encoding device to transfer copies of the code patterns of the affected documents to the profile section of pattern storage, together with the identification of the action point involved and the date of transferal.
An acceptance is made at an intflligence point by dialing the document number, prefixed by a code symbol, whereupon the monitor will instruct the microcopy storage device to produce a photocopy of the complete document, properly marked with the action-point designation.
The field of Business Intelligence has evolved over the five decades since Luhn’s paper was published, and the term has come to be intelligece closely associated with the management of structured data.
Presently, the difficulty of finding such relationships often results in improper decisions, wrong actions, inaction, or duplication. Selective acceptance of disseminated information The dissemination of information so far has consisted busineess furnishing the action point with the serial number, title, and author of documents selected for it.
Whenever similar patterns are detected by this means, the documentdesignation is transmitted to the monitor, where it is registered and then announced to the action point. There is also a growing need for more prompt decisions at levels of responsibility far below those customary in the past.