Familia. Heliconiaceae Ramos Loyo Lluvia Rubí Clasificación según Cronquist Orden Zingiberales Suborden Clase Liliopsida Subclase Zingiberidae. Heliconias Colombianas, Familia Heliconiaceae, Flores Tropicales y Exóticas de Colombia. “Heliconia rostrata é uma herbácea perene da família Heliconiaceae, habitando florestas tropicais do Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panamá, Brasil.
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The families of the monocotyledons.
Several species are widely cultivated as ornamentals, and a few are naturalized in FloridaGambia and Thailand. Journal of the Linnean Society Botany For other uses, see Heliconia familai.
Heliconiaceae – Wikispecies
The Heliconia are a monophyletic genus in the family Heliconiaceaebut was formerly included in heliconiacceae family Musaceaewhich includes the bananas e. Heliconia wagneriana in Florida. Most commonly grown landscape Heliconia species include Heliconia augusta, H. The morphological and anatomical features of the inflorescence bracts were studied in H. Their flowers are produced on long, erect or drooping paniclesand consist of brightly colored waxy bracts, with small true flowers peeping out from the bracts.
Insects that inhabit the rolled leaves often feed upon the inner surfaces of the leaf, such as beetles of the family Chrysomelidae. They are characteristically long, oblong, alternate, or growing opposite one another on non-woody petioles often longer than the leaf, often forming large clumps with age.
Bract liquid as a herbivore defense mechanism for Heliconia heliconiaxeae inflorescences. Not to be confused with HelliconiaHeliconiusor Helicon. It was found that hummingbird visits to the Heliconia flower did not affect its production of nectar.
Heliconias are an important food source for forest hummingbirdsespecially the hermits Phathornithinaesome of which — such as the rufous-breasted hermit Glaucis hirsuta — also use the plant for nesting. Many bats use Heliconia leaves for shelter.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Phylogeny of the Scitamineae – morphological and anatomical considerations. Heliconias are grown for the florist’s trade and as landscape plants. In addition, these beetles deposit their eggs on the leaf surface, petioles of immature leaves, or in the bracts of the Heliconia.
Heliconia solomonensis is pollinated by the macroglosine bat Melonycteris woodfordi in the Solomon Islands. Revision of Heliconia sect. Explicit use of et al. Revision of Heliconia subgen. Iowa State College Press. Heliconia rostratain a botanical garden, Costa Rica. For the crustacean appendage, see Lobster claw.
Heliconiaceaw was fmilia that many species of Heliconiaeven the newly colonized species, all had many pollinators visit. Journal of Tropical Ecology Hermits are a subfamily of Phaethornithinaeconsisting of the genera AnopetiaEutoxeresGlaucisPhaethornisRamphodon, and Threnetes. Although Heliconia are almost exclusively pollinated by hummingbirds, some bat pollination has been found to occur. Hummingbirds are the main pollinators of flowers in the genus Heliconia order Zingiberales: Diversity and evolutionary biology of tropical flowers.
The leaves in different positions on the plant have a different absorption potential of sunlight for photosynthesis when exposed to different degrees of sunlight. Nordic Journal of Botany 1 6: Several cultivars and hybrids have been selected for garden planting, including:. Closeup of Heliconia vellerigera inflorescence.
Oxford University Press, Oxford. How to cite this article. At La Selva research station in Costa Rica it was found that specific species of Heliconia have specific hummingbird pollinators. Heliconia stricta Dwarf Jamaican leaf. Development of the stomatal complex as a taxonomic character in the monocotyledons. Heliconia – An identification guide. Structural and physiological adaptation to light environments in neotropical Heliconia Heliconiaceae. Ainda de acordo com Hsliconiaceae et al.
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. This structure provides the bat with shelter from rain, sun, and predators. This bat roosts head up in hdliconiaceae rolled young leaves of Heliconia plants. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants.