AUGUSTINE AND THE HORTENSIUS OF CICERO. By JOHN HAMMOND TAYLOR, S. J.. St. Augustine, in his student days at Carthage, as every reader. The Hortensius was a ‘protreptic’ dialogue written by Cicero. The protreptic was a genre of ancient philosophical literature that aimed to exhort the reader to the. One of the most extensive resources on the internet for the study of early Christianity. “Augustine on how he was influenced by reading Cicero’s Hortensius”.

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Hortensius eventually delivers a speech defending oratory as the greatest of the arts.

Hortensius (Cicero) – Wikipedia

He later embraced the cause of Caesar, obtaining the praetorship as a reward. The Women of Cicero’s Family. Hortensius posits that the visual arts are suitable for such a usage of free time.

Terentia, Tullia and Publilia: Even though his gestures were highly artificial, and his manner of folding his toga was noted by tragic actors of the day, [8] he was such a “gifted performer that even professional actors would stop rehearsal and come to watch him hold an audience captive with each swish of his toga.

Augustine on Hortensius [2]. Though he criticises him at various points, [15] Cicero’s respect for Hortensius is evident throughout, and he frequently mourns his rival’s death: Of the four, Nonius Marcellus and Augustine preserve the most, although the lines preserved by Nonius Marcellus have been called “extremely brief and very difficult to place in a context”.

The German philologist Jakob Bernays was the first scholar to suggest that the Protrepticus inspired Cicero. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Retrieved December 21, Eder, Walter; Strothmann, Meret The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle. In addition, the work reorganizes the fragments and provides each one with a French translation and commentary. InMichel Ruch produced a fifty-three page thesis covering the influences, the date of composition, and structure of the Hortensiuswhile also examining its later influences and ultimate disappearance.


Philosophical works by Cicero. In it, Plasberg provides a hypothesized order to the fragments, and supplies a Latin introduction and commentary.

Salazar; Manfred Landfester; Francis G. Others have theorized that both Seneca and Tacitus hlrtensius also influenced by it. While the dialogue was extremely popular in Classical Antiquity, the dialogue only cidero into the sixth century AD before it was lost.

Gruen, The last generation of the Roman Republic, p. Augustine wrote in Confessions that this work left an impression upon him and moved him to embrace philosophy, and ultimately convert to Christianity.

It altered my prayers, Lord, to be towards yourself.

Quintus Hortensius

Rabinowitz argued that the Hortensius was not based strictly on the Protrepticus but was rather written in the general hortatory and protreptic style then, as the philosopher and historian Anton-Hermann Chroust puts it, “much in vogue. This hypothesis is not without its detractors. This page was last edited on 26 Novemberat In the year before his consulship he came into hortensiua with Cicero in the hotrensius of Gaius Verresand from that time his supremacy at the bar was lost.

Retrieved from ” https: The Death of Caesar: Aristotle’s Protrepticus and the Sources of its Reconstruction. Political De Imperio Cn. In 50, the year of his death, he successfully defended Appius Claudius Pulcher when accused of treason and corrupt practices by Publius Cornelius Dolabellaafterwards Cicero’s son-in-law. To hortensuus circumstance perhaps, as well as to his own merits, Hortensius may have been indebted for much of his success. Over the centuries, Hortensius’s orations were lost, and the last person reported in the literature to have read and commented upon one of Hortensius’s original works was the first century AD rhetorician Quintilian.

In the dialogue, Quintus Lutatius Catulus admires the art in Lucullus’ home, while Quintus Hortensius praises the skill behind the art.

Hortensius (Cicero)

His daughter Hortensia became a successful orator. Personally, Cicero had completed his divorce with Terentia in 51 BC. Today, it is extant in the fragments preserved by the prose writer Martianus Capellathe grammarians Maurus Servius Honoratus and Nonius Marcellusthe early Christian author Lactantiusand the Church Father Augustine of Hippo the latter of whom explicitly credits the Hortensius with encouraging him to study the tenets of philosophy.


Johns Hopkins University Press: Out of the four, Augustine preserved the largest portion of text, although the work is still considered lost. In addition, the work reorganizes the fragments and provides each one with a French translation and commentary. At the age of 19, [25] he read the Hortensius there. Thus, each of the four speakers defends a different branch of study: After 63, Cicero gravitated towards the faction to which Hortensius belonged.

This meeting takes place in Lucullus’ villa. Instead, Cato offered his own wife, Marciaon the condition that Marcia’s father, Lucius Marcius Philippusapprove as well.

Hortensius’ oratory gave him such vast wealth that he was able to spend his money gratuitously on splendid villas, parks, fish-ponds, costly entertainments, wine, pictures, and other works of art. This last event shook him to his core, and in a letter to his friend Titus Pomponius Atticushe wrote, “I have lost the one thing that bound me to life. For other uses of “Hortensius”, see Hortensius disambiguation.

Then, the character of Cicero chimes in to prove that philosophy is single-handedly the best of all the aforementioned skills. In 56, Hortensius admired Cato the Younger “so much that he wanted them to be kinsmen, not merely friends,” [4] and proposed to marry Cato’s daughter, Porcia Catoniswho was only about 20 years old at the time.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Collins, James Cicwro